The Nirnaya Sindhu (निर्णयसिन्धुः)

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Nirnaya Sindhu (Samskrit: निर्णयसिन्धुः) is a dharmashastra book written by Mm. Kamalakara Bhatt. It is a compilation of the vidhis (injunctions) and niyamas (rules) to be followed at different times of the year, during vratas (observances), soucha (purificatory rites), snana (bathing rituals) among many others.

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ग्रंथकारकस्य परिचयः ॥ About the Author

A well known author who lived around the period of 1534 CE, Shri. Kamalakara Bhatt is the son of Pt. Ramakrishna Bhatt and the grandson of Shri. Narayana Bhatt. He is the brother of Shri. Dinakara Bhatt. He was a noted Smarta during his time, he is credited with the authorship of the following granthas[1]

  1. तत्त्वकमलाकरः (tattvakamalākaraḥ)
  2. पू्र्त्तकमलाकरः (pūrttakamalākaraḥ)
  3. तीर्थकमलाकरः (tīrthakamalākaraḥ)
  4. संस्कारप्रयोगः (saṁskāraprayogaḥ)
  5. संस्कारपद्धतिः (saṁskārapaddhatiḥ)
  6. कार्तवीर्यार्जुनदीपदानप्रयोगः (kārtavīryārjunadīpadānaprayogaḥ)
  7. शान्तिरत्नः (śāntiratnaḥ)
  8. शूद्रधर्मतत्त्वः (śūdradharmatattvaḥ)
  9. सहस्रचण्ड्यादिविधिः (sahasracaṇḍyādividhiḥ)
  10. निर्णयसिन्धुः (nirṇayasindhuḥ)
  11. विवादताण्डवम् (vivādatāṇḍavam)

Details of the Book

Written by Mm. Shri. Kamalakara Bhatt (श्रीकमलाकरभट्टप्रणीतः॥) this book is composed in samskrit and is a standard text widely used in Bharatavarsha as a manual of vidhis and niyamas. This 16th century compilation consists of three parichedas (chapters) and prakaranas therein.

The book contents are indexed from the Nirnayasagar press edition.

Paricchedas in Nirnaya Sindhu
प्रथमपरिच्छेदः ॥ Pariccheda 1
द्वितीयपरिच्छेदः ॥ Pariccheda 2
तृतीयपरिच्छेदः ॥ Pariccheda 3

परिच्छेदानुक्रमः ॥ Contents of the Paricchedas

This book contains 3 Paricchedas

S. NO Paricchedas Prakaranas Pages
1 Nirnaya Sindhu Pariccheda 1 (प्रथमपरिच्छेदानुक्रमणिका) Determination of Kala (Ayanas, Seasons, Tithi, Samkranti, systems of years) Activities, Snana, Vratas, Danas, during different times of years, Planetary movements and their effects, Determination of tithis and Vidhis during all the 15 tithis. Shraddha vidhis, Soucha and Asoucha determination. Determination of Smarta and Vaishnava Ekadashis (Pages 55 to 60). Pages 1 to 54
2 Nirnaya Sindhu Pariccheda 2 (द्वितीयपरिच्छेदानुक्रमणिका) Activities during the twelve months of the year, prakaranas from Chaitra masa to Phalguna masa, the Vratas and Pujas associated therein. Pages 61 to 170
3 Nirnaya Sindhu Pariccheda 3 ( तृतीयपरिच्छेदानुक्रमणिका) Samskara Prakaranam, Vidhis for daily activities of minor times-Kshudra Kala (Purvardham)

Shraddha Prakaranam (Uttarardham)

Pages 171 to 439

Associated Texts

Nirnaya Sindhu (Hindi Translation) by Pt. Jwala Prasad Mishra (3 Parts)

Nirnaya Sindhu (Sanskrit) by Vasudev Sharma

References

  1. Pt. Jwala Prasada Mishra (1905) Nirnaya Sindhu of Kamalakara Bhatta (Hindi Translation). Mumbai : Khemraj Press