→व्युत्पत्ति || Etymology
* पुरोहितः ॥ Purohita (Kalpadruma), आग्नीध्रः, याजकः (amarakosha) are synonyms for Rtvik.
* As members of a social class, they belong to the class of '''विप्रः ॥ vipra'''. <blockquote>जन्मना ब्राह्मणो ज्ञेयः संस्कारैर्द्विज उच्यते विद्यया याति विप्रत्वं त्रिभिः श्रोत्रियलक्षणम् .. इति प्रायश्चित्तविवेकः (Shabdakalpadruma).</blockquote><blockquote>Meaning : One who is born as a brahmana, who after upanayana samskara is a divja and is after (veda) abhyasam is termed as vipra, these are the three lakshanas of a Srotriya according to Prayaschittaviveka as given in Shabdakalpadruma.</blockquote>
* Satapatha Brahmana (18.104.22.168)
ye vai braahmanaah susrubamsoanucanaste viprah. They are also called as the protectors of yagna Satapatha brahmana (22.214.171.124) yagnasya praavitaraah
==चातुर्होत्र || Chief Priests of Yagna==
In Srauta yagnas rtviks play a very important role. They are called as Hota, Adhvaryu, Udgaata, and Brahma.