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== Introduction ==
 
== Introduction ==
Ahara refers to the food that a person consumes for survival. The entire body-mind-senses system of [[Purusha (पुरुषः)|purusha]] is dependent on Ahara (food) to get energy and nourishment. Physical body develops from food and is also sustained due to food which the person consumes. Thus Ahara is identified as one of the 3 pillars of the life.<ref>Charaka Samhita (Sutrasthanam Adhyayam 11 Sutram 35)</ref> [[Nidra (निद्रा)|Nidra]] and Brahmacharya are the other 2 pillars of life. Among these 3 pillars, Ahara is the one which is taken inside from the outside environment to fulfill the demands of internal environment of body. Thus it has to be transformed into the form which is suitable for body and which can be easily utilized by body to fulfill energy requirements. The food consumed is worked upon by the agni (Jatharagni and Panchabhutagni), undergoes pakam (digestion) and nourishes the whole body. Thus transformation of food into a form suitable to the internal environment of body is the key step in energy dynamics of body. Ayurveda acharyas have identified 6 such factors which play important part in the process of digestion. Transformation is called as Parinamana in Ayurveda. Thus these 6 factors are called as Aharaparinamakara bhavas. Acharya Charaka has described these factors as below,<blockquote>आहारपरिणामकरास्त्विमे भावा भवन्ति| तद्यथा- ऊष्मा, वायुः, क्लेदः, स्नेहः, कालः, समयोगश्चेति ॥ (Char Samh. 6.14)<ref>Charaka Samhita ([https://niimh.nic.in/ebooks/ecaraka/?mod=read&h=kledaH Sharirasthanam Adhyaya 6 Sutram 14])</ref></blockquote><blockquote>āhārapariṇāmakarāstvime bhāvā bhavanti| tadyathā- ūṣmā, vāyuḥ, kledaḥ, snehaḥ, kālaḥ, samayogaśceti ॥ (Char Samh. 6.14)</blockquote>Meaning: Factors responsible for transformation of the food are, Ushma (Heat), Vayu (Air), Kleda (Moisture), Sneha (oiliness or lubrication), Kala (time) and Samayoga (appropriate combination of all these factors for every individual).
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[[Ahara (आहारः)|Ahara]] refers to the food that a person consumes for survival. The entire body-mind-senses system of [[Purusha (पुरुषः)|purusha]] is dependent on Ahara (food) to get energy and nourishment. Physical body develops from food and is also sustained due to food which the person consumes. Thus Ahara is identified as one of the 3 pillars of the life.<ref>Charaka Samhita (Sutrasthanam Adhyayam 11 Sutram 35)</ref> [[Nidra (निद्रा)|Nidra]] and Brahmacharya are the other 2 pillars of life. Among these 3 pillars, Ahara is the one which is taken inside from the outside environment to fulfill the demands of internal environment of body. Thus it has to be transformed into the form which is suitable for body and which can be easily utilized by body to fulfill energy requirements. The food consumed is worked upon by the agni (Jatharagni and Panchabhutagni), undergoes pakam (digestion) and nourishes the whole body. Thus transformation of food into a form suitable to the internal environment of body is the key step in energy dynamics of body. Ayurveda acharyas have identified 6 such factors which play important part in the process of digestion. Transformation is called as Parinamana in Ayurveda. Thus these 6 factors are called as Aharaparinamakara bhavas. Acharya Charaka has described these factors as below,<blockquote>आहारपरिणामकरास्त्विमे भावा भवन्ति| तद्यथा- ऊष्मा, वायुः, क्लेदः, स्नेहः, कालः, समयोगश्चेति ॥ (Char Samh. 6.14)<ref>Charaka Samhita ([https://niimh.nic.in/ebooks/ecaraka/?mod=read&h=kledaH Sharirasthanam Adhyaya 6 Sutram 14])</ref></blockquote><blockquote>āhārapariṇāmakarāstvime bhāvā bhavanti| tadyathā- ūṣmā, vāyuḥ, kledaḥ, snehaḥ, kālaḥ, samayogaśceti ॥ (Char Samh. 6.14)</blockquote>Meaning: Factors responsible for transformation of the food are, Ushma (Heat), Vayu (Air), Kleda (Moisture), Sneha (oiliness or lubrication), Kala (time) and Samayoga (appropriate combination of all these factors for every individual).
    
Each one of these factors has a specific role in the process of digestion. Food which is digested and metabolized properly helps in nourishing the [[Dhatus (धातवः)|Dhatus]]. Dhatus are responsible to hold and sustain the body. Absence or lack of any of these Ahara Parinamakar Bhavas leads to improper digestion. And improper digestion is quoted the root cause of almost all diseases in Ayurveda.<ref>Ashtanga Hrudayam (Nidanasthanam Adhyaya 12 Sutram 2)</ref> Therefore, to be healthy one must keep in mind the importance of Ahara Parinamakar Bhavas.
 
Each one of these factors has a specific role in the process of digestion. Food which is digested and metabolized properly helps in nourishing the [[Dhatus (धातवः)|Dhatus]]. Dhatus are responsible to hold and sustain the body. Absence or lack of any of these Ahara Parinamakar Bhavas leads to improper digestion. And improper digestion is quoted the root cause of almost all diseases in Ayurveda.<ref>Ashtanga Hrudayam (Nidanasthanam Adhyaya 12 Sutram 2)</ref> Therefore, to be healthy one must keep in mind the importance of Ahara Parinamakar Bhavas.
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== References ==
 
== References ==
 
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[[Category:Ayurveda]]
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