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Madhu Vidya and Kala
Madhu Vidya and Bridarankya
yam prithvi hi sarvesham bhutanam madhu asai prativai sarvani bhutani madhu ima apaha ayam agnihi ayam vayuhu ayam Aditya ima adishaha ayam akasaha ayam dharmaha idam satyam idam maanusham ayam atma
it says paramatma the lord is explaining that everything we see in this world is madhu maya that means it is madhu. Not simply matter, its nectar.
Madhu means honey. It is not that madhu or honey has got fragrance of many different kinds of flowers. It’s semisolid. Not only that even that place where madhu is not apparently there, in those flowers also the madhu is there. Why is that what we do not access to that honey, which are the those honey bees can access it? Who can say even in the neem tree there is honey? For honey bee alone can get the nectar from all kinds of flowers. Therefore everything what we see there is honey and that our lord Bhagavantha is actually a honey bee and everything is there for his utility. What is bitter for us, for him it is sweet. Even if it’s not sweet through time factor, he has the power to make it sweet. That is his expertise and profession and because everything is there for him. Anyone who creates something for himself, can he, make it useless? For a gambler the earth may feel a burden because when everybody is harassing him for to give back the loan that he has taken, for him committing suicide becomes a natural instinct and for him the entire world is poisonous. But is it a great siddhanta? But Sruthi says:
yam prithvi sarvesahm bhutanam madhu the prithvi or this loka (earth) is very sweet like nectar. And similarly for prithvi all living entities are madhu. For someone if something is poisonous then it’s their stupidity. But by the grace of God and by his intelligence it can be made into madhu. Because for prithvi everything is madhu. Asyam prithvyam tejo maya mrithamaya purushaha that the svayam prakasa or fully self-illuminated, completely knowledgeable one who is freed from the effect of death, who is sinless, in this way one who possess unlimited transcendental qualities. Such paramatama is residing as paramatma within the heart, not only in heart, prithvi tattva jata vada that everything which has prithvi tattva, in all that ingredients the lord is residing. He is residing in our heart, in our mind, in prana, he is residing as antrayami, even though the body which is compared to prithvi or earth will be disintegrated, but still that is also nectar. Outside it is like prithvi, just like neem tree but within that there is a nectar—just like there is nectar in the neem tree also and that madhu is none other than the paramatma, who has appeared as madhu rupa. ayameva soyah yamatma idam amritham idam brahmam idam sarvam therefore in this way in all 5 mahabutas, in Aditya, in moon, in directions, in electricity, in rumbling of sky, in space, the lord is residing and all that is madhu. We will read here that not only this, that dharma, satya, all human varieties and living entities have become madhu maya, it is flavored with madhu. atmanasthu kamayam sarva priyam bhavathi this is Maitreya Brahmana, Brihadranyaka Upanishad 2.4 it is also said that
yaha prithvyam thisthan yesstaha atma antharyami yam amrithaha 3.7 said that paramatma, because he is antharyami in everything therefore all srushti has become madhu maya, nectarean. That is what is explained. Dadhyancha rushi one who experienced this vidya gave knowledge to Ashwini devathas, this is explained in Rg Veda and Bradahrana Aprahanka and some ruk are given as example. Rk Samhita: 1.116.12 and 1.117.22 this is completely exhibited here. There was one restriction for Dadichi, Indra said, if you give this knowledge to anyone, your head will fall off. Therefore Aswini devathas, to free from such danger, they placed horse’s head by removing Dadhichis own head, and then at the end of the vidya when horses head fell off fro torso , they placed his original head back. This has been explained and we can see connection between madhu vidya and madhu kaitabha demons and Hayagriva Bhagavan and then this is very nicely indicated that the Hayagriva Bhagavan by being Dadichi, he explained madhu vidya.
purah chakre dvipadaha purah chakre shatushpadaha puraha sapakshi bhutva puraha purusha avishata sa va ayam purushahsarvaasu purshu purishaya nainena kincanavritham nainenakinchana samamvritham2.5.18
He is the paramatma for those who have two legs. He is also paramatma for those who have four legs and he is paramatma for all living entities. He is the essence of all puras. He is the purishaya--one who is resting in the pura. He has covered everything. There is nothing in this world that is not covered by him and not included in him. Therefore all the ingredients of the entire creation, in isolation or in integration, it is all madhumaya. That means everywhere there is the power of paramatma. This is the essence of madhuvidya. In the Chandogya Sruthi allegorically it is given that the lord who is shaped in the honey hive, that was described previously. Why the Sun is compared? Because he is also the personification of kala and the flow of time is also engaged in collecting the madhu and the entire collection of madhu is none other than the personification of kala, who is Aditya. Therefore only kala has the power to transfer poison into nectar. That is how kala has been glorified. In that sense, sruthi is glorifying the Sun god. That is how it is described.
Father with 5 legs
panchapadam pitaramdvadaashakritim diva ahuhu pare ardhe purishinam athemeanya upare vichakshanam sapta chakre shadara ahurpitamiti Prashno Upanishad 1.11.
Aditya who is compared to kala and who is pitri for all living entities has 5 legs: vatsara, samvatsara, parivatsara, idavatsara, anuvatsara. OR if hemantha and sisshira are considered together, then there are 5 ruthus. They are the feet of the lord and he has got 12 forms because of having 12 months. Nana lingathvadruthu nam nana suryathvam Taitreya Aranyaka one sentence we can remember. In the paramapada, he has a place in parardha. Aditya is compared having the covering of the Brahmanda which is golden hue that is what people say. Other great jnanis, kala tattva vidas also say in otherway. Aditya adi grihas they have chariot wheel which has 7 characteristics and 6 samvatsaras with 6 ruthis. He is sitting on the chariot with complete expertise and sobriety and one who can keep entire universe properly. This mantra is spoken in Ruk Samhita 1.164.12. Dirga thamasu was the one who revealed to this world. That is how it is famous to the world.
The 7 horses and a chariot with one wheel
Saptayanjanthi rathame eka chakram eko ashvo mahati saptanama thrinabhi chakramajara manrvamam yathrema vishwabhuvanani tasthuhu Ruk Samhita 1.104.2.
Surya’s chariot has got one wheel with 7 horses or one horse having 7 names. That’s how this chariot is driven. This ratha or chariot has got 3 navels. This chariot is the chariot which no one can face. It’s inexhaustible. Entire lokas are completely dependent on this. It’s a very interesting description. Everyone knows that the horses of the Sun god, they drive the chariot. Everyone knows this (this could be 7 days of week or the 7 colors of the sun rays coming from sun god or surya can also be called as horse) Yajanvalkya was given Veda instructions by sun god in the form of Vaji, the horse. Therefore Sukla Yuju Samhitha is called Vajasaneyi samhita. In the kala swarupa, samvatsarais nothing but the body of the horse. Ushase is head, Surya is his eyes and this beautiful description is given in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad ushyava ashwase medhasyasiraha it is explained in the beginning of the chapter. The Ashwamedha Yaga has a special esoteric meaning. If sun god himself is one horse, because there are 7 days in the week and those days have different names that clearly indicates that there are no 7 horses, but one horse with 7 kinds of concepts. The sapta rasmi extracts juice for him. He is always glorified with sapta rushis. That’s how the esoteric meaning is given and that is the description in Nirukta Vyahyan 4.22. Smavatsara and yajna kaala swarupa