Lingam (लिङ्गम्)

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One of the many symbols, which represent Siva, Sivalinga is the most important. They are of two kinds, the movable and the immovable. The immovable are those which appear by themselves or installed in temples. The movable are those made of earth, stone, timber, gems etc. There are also temporary lingas, which are placed on stools of various shapes. Lingas are made of he-stones and stools of 'she-stones'. There are also various types of lingas indicative of the different attributes of Siva; for example Lingoclbhava, Candrasekhara, Raudra, Umasahita etc. Kamantaka, Gajari, Kalari, Tripuradahaka etc. represent the Lord in his fierce aspects. Siva is also represented in poses of blessing Candesa, Visnu, Nandisvara, VighnesVara and Arjuna. He is also presented in various poses of dancing, Daksinamurti is represented in four forms, i.e. Vyakhyana Jnana, Yoga and Vinadhara. Biksataka, Kapaladhari. Garigadhara, ArdhanariSvara Vrsabhavahana and Visabhaksaka are other forms of Siva. Rarely is he depicted in the form of Sadasiva, Mahesvara, Ekadasarudras Vidyesvara and Murtyastaka. There are Agamas descriptive of these forms. (Page 727, Puranic Encyclopedia - Vettam Maṇi)