Vaishya Dharma (वैश्यधर्मः)

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वैश्यः ॥ Vaishya

पशूनां रक्षणं दानं इज्याध्ययनं एव च । वणिक्पथं कुसीदं च वैश्यस्य कृषिं एव च । । १.९० । ।[1]

paśūnāṁ rakṣaṇaṁ dānaṁ ijyādhyayanaṁ eva ca । vaṇikpathaṁ kusīdaṁ ca vaiśyasya kr̥ṣiṁ eva ca । । 1.90 । ।

Meaning: For the Vaishya, tending of cattle, giving of gifts, sacrificing and studying; as also trade, money-lending and cultivating of land (1.90).[2]

According to the Bhagavata Purana, the Vaishya is to maintain himself by agriculture (cattle-breeding) and trade, and should follow the Brahmanas. (AITM, Vol.9, P.964)

वैश्यस्तु वार्तावृत्तिश्च नित्यं ब्रह्मकुलानुगः । vaiśyastu vārtāvr̥ttiśca nityaṁ brahmakulānugaḥ । (Bh. Pu. Skanda 7, Adhyaya 11, Verse 15).

References

  1. Manusmrti, Adhyaya 1
  2. Ganganath Jha (1920-39), Manusmrti (Vol.3), Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited.